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Woolly Bully: The Invasive Pest, HWA Resources

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Suggested Readings

Tingley, M.W., D.A. Orwig, G. Motzkin, D.R. Foster, and R. Field. 2002. Avian response to removal of a forest dominant: consequences of hemlock woolly adelgid infestations. J. of Biogeography 29: 1505-1516.

Kizlinski, M.L., D.A. Orwig, R.C. Cobb, and D.R. Foster. 2002.Direct and indirect ecosystem consequences of an invasive pest on forests dominated by eastern hemlock. J. of Biogeography 29: 1489-1503.

Orwig, D.A. 2002. Ecosystem to regional impacts of introduced pests and pathogens- historical context, questions, and issues.Journal of Biogeography 29: 1471-1474.

Orwig, D.A. and D.R. Foster. 1998. Forest response to the introduced hemlock woolly adelgid in southern New England, USA. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 125:59-72.

Orwig, D.A., D.R. Foster, and D.L. Mausel. 2002. Landscape Patterns of Hemlock Decline in New England Due to the Introduced Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1475-1487.

Orwig, D.A., R.C. Cobb, A.W. D'Amato, M.L. Kizlinski, and D.R. Foster. 2008. Multi-year ecosystem response to hemlock woolly adelgid infestation in southern New England forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 834-843.

Stadler, B. T. Müller, D. Orwig, and R. Cobb. 2005. Hemlock woolly adelgid in New England forests: canopy impacts transforming ecosystem processes and landscapes.Ecosystems 8: 233-247.