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Harvard Forest Data Archive

HF092

Hydraulic Pathways in Leaves of Temperate Trees at Harvard Forest 2002

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Data

Overview

  • Lead: Colin Orians
  • Investigators: Lawren Sack, Sigrid Smith
  • Contact: Collin Orians
  • Start date: 2002
  • End date: 2002
  • Status: completed
  • Location: Prospect Hill Tract (Harvard Forest)
  • Latitude: +42.53
  • Longitude: -72.18
  • Elevation: 340 meter
  • Taxa: Acer saccharum (sugar maple), Betula papyrifera (paper birch), Castanea dentata (chestnut), Fraxinus americana (white ash), Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip poplar), Quercus rubra (red oak)
  • Release date: 2006
  • Revisions:
  • EML file: knb-lter-hfr.92.15
  • DOI: digital object identifier
  • Related links:
  • Study type: short-term measurement
  • Research topic: physiological ecology, population dynamics and species interactions
  • LTER core area: organic matter
  • Keywords: hydraulic conductance, leaves, physiology, porosity
  • Abstract:

    The transport of water, sugar and nutrients in trees is restricted to specific vascular pathways, and thus organs may be relatively isolated from one another (=sectored). Strongly sectored leaf-to-leaf pathways have been shown for the transport of sugar and signal molecules within a shoot, but not previously for water transport. The hydraulic sectoriality of leaf-to-leaf pathways was determined for current year shoots of six temperate deciduous tree species (three ring-porous: Castanea dentata, Fraxinus americana and Quercus rubra, and three diffuse-porous: Acer saccharum, Betula papyrifera and Liriodendron tulipifera). Hydraulic sectoriality was determined using dye staining and a hydraulic method. In the dye method, leaf blades were removed, and dye was forced into the most proximal petiole. For each petiole we counted the vascular traces shared with the proximal petiole. For other shoots, measurements were made of the leaf-area specific hydraulic conductivity for leaf-to-leaf pathways (kLL). In five of six species patterns of sectoriality reflected phyllotaxy; both the sharing of vascular bundles between leaves and kLL were higher for orthostichous than non-orthostichous leaf pairs. Species-differences in leaf-to-leaf sectoriality were determined as the proportional differences between non-orthostichous vs. orthostichous leaf pairs in their staining of shared vascular bundles and in their kLL; for the six species these two indices of sectoriality were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.94; P less than 0.001). Species varied 8-fold in their kLL-based sectoriality, and ring-porous species were more sectored than diffuse-porous species. Differential leaf-to-leaf sectoriality has implications for species-specific coordination of leaf gas exchange and water relations within a branch, especially during fluctuations in irradiance, water and nutrient availability.

  • Methods:

    For detailed methods see the published paper: Orians, C., S. Smith, and L. Sack. 2005. How are leaves plumbed inside a branch? differences in leaf-to-leaf sectoriality among six temperate tree species. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 2267-2273.

  • Use:

    This dataset is released to the public under Creative Commons license CC BY (Attribution). Please keep the designated contact person informed of any plans to use the dataset. Consultation or collaboration with the original investigators is strongly encouraged. Publications and data products that make use of the dataset must include proper acknowledgement.

  • Citation:

    Orians C. 2006. Hydraulic Pathways in Leaves of Temperate Trees at Harvard Forest 2002. Harvard Forest Data Archive: HF092.

Detailed Metadata

hf092-01: hydraulic data

  1. species: species code
    • AcSa: Acer saccharum
    • BePa: Betula papyrifera
    • CaDe: Castanea dentata
    • FrAm: Fraxinus americana
    • LiTu: Liriodendron tulipifera
    • QuRu: Quercus rubra
  2. date: date sample was analyzed
  3. p2norm.resis: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 2 normalized by leaf area of leaf #2. (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  4. p2rlld: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 2 normalized by leaf #2 area and distance between the two petioles (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2)/distance (m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  5. p2norm.conduct: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 2 normalized by leaf area of leaf#2 (mmol/s/MPa/m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  6. p2klld: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 2 normalized by leaf #2 area and distance between the two petioles (mmol/s/MPa/m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  7. p3norm.resis: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 3 normalized by leaf area of leaf #3 (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  8. p3rlld: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 3 normalized by leaf #3 area and distance between the two petioles (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2)/distance (m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  9. p3norm.conduct: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 3 normalized by leaf area of leaf#3 (mmol/s/MPa/m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  10. p3klld: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 3 normalized by leaf #3 area and distance between the two petioles (mmol/s/MPa/m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  11. p4norm.resis: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 4 normalized by leaf area of leaf #4 (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  12. p4rlld: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 4 normalized by leaf #4 area and distance between the two petioles (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2)/distance (m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  13. p4norm.conduct: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 4 normalized by leaf area of leaf#4 (mmol/s/MPa/m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  14. p4klld: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 4 normalized by leaf #4 area and distance between the two petioles (mmol/s/MPa/m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  15. p5norm.resis: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 5 normalized by leaf area of leaf #5 (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  16. p5rlld: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 5 normalized by leaf #5 area and distance between the two petioles. (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2)/distance (m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  17. p5norm.conduct: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 5 normalized by leaf area of leaf#5 (mmol/s/MPa/m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  18. p5klld: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 5 normalized by leaf #5 area and distance between the two petioles (mmol/s/MPa/m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  19. p6norm.resis: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 6 normalized by leaf area of leaf #6 (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  20. p6rlld: resistance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 6 normalized by leaf #6 area and distance between the two petioles (MPa/kg/sec)*Area (m2)/distance (m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  21. p6norm.conduct: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 6 normalized by leaf area of leaf#6 (mmol/s/MPa/m2) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  22. k6rlld: conductance of water flow from petiole 1 to petiole 6 normalized by leaf #6 area and distance between the two petioles (mmol/s/MPa/m) (unit: number / missing value: NA)
  23. p2dye: percent of xylem traces entering petiole 2 with dye when Safranin dye is applied through petiole 1 (unit: dimensionless / missing value: NA)
  24. p3dye: percent of xylem traces entering petiole 3 with dye when Safranin dye is applied through petiole 1 (unit: dimensionless / missing value: NA)
  25. p4dye: percent of xylem traces entering petiole 4 with dye when Safranin dye is applied through petiole 1 (unit: dimensionless / missing value: NA)
  26. p5dye: percent of xylem traces entering petiole 5 with dye when Safranin dye is applied through petiole 1 (unit: dimensionless / missing value: NA)
  27. p6dye: percent of xylem traces entering petiole 6 with dye when Safranin dye is applied through petiole 1 (unit: dimensionless / missing value: NA)