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Release of Pine From Suppression by Gray Birch
Some abandoned fields or other open sites seed in heavily with both gray birch and white pine. Although much shorter-lived than the pine, gray birch grows much more rapidly at first and soon completely overtops the pine. Although the gray birch doesn't cast dense shade, eventually, the white pines should be released from competition by cutting the birches when they start to whip against and damage the preferred pines.